Latest Research

Spotlighting publications from our Cluster
September 7, 2023 Anna Giron, Charley Wu

Do humans and algorithms learn alike?

When children develop into adults, how they learn changes a lot. While children show a lot of random behaviour, adults perform more goal-directed actions. An influential theory describes these changes as being similar to the behaviour of an optimisation algorithm commonly used in machine learning. This empirical test shows that there are striking similarities but also important differences between human development and machine learning algorithms.
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January 24, 2023 Valentyn Boreiko, Maximilian Augustin

Opening the Black-Box of Deep Learning in Image Classification

Deep learning algorithms are very good at recognizing specific objects (e.g. a dog, a car) within an image ​(known as image classifiers)​. But how do they actually do that? Most often the mechanisms underlying an algorithm’s decision remain opaque. What if we could explain any ​such ​black-box algorithm intuitively and, by doing so, even learn from it?​
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November 29, 2022 Katja Schwarz

Escaping Plato’s Cave: Teaching machines the 3D nature of our world

Understanding the 3D nature of our world is key to many applications in augmented and virtual reality and simulation. But 3D training data is difficult to obtain. Hence, we develop an algorithm to create 3D graphics that can be trained with 2D images alone. By designing our algorithm such that it can represent 3D data efficiently, we keep the computational cost manageable while moving from 2D images to 3D graphics.
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July 25, 2022 Eric Raidl, Sebastian Bordt, Michèle Finck, Ulrike von Luxburg

Artificial Intelligence (AI) – Should it explain itself?

We are no longer baffled by all the tasks algorithms can perform. And apparently, they are now even able to ‘explain’ their output. But is that something we really want?
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July 15, 2022 Matthias Karlbauer, Timothy Praditia, Sebastian Otte, Sergey Oladyshkin, Wolfgang Nowak, Martin V. Butz

Fusing Physical Knowledge with Neural Networks’ Flexibility

Diffusion processes in nature are highly complex, and scientists strive to understand them in detail. With a new physics-aware neural network, we were able to model and predict such processes much more precisely than previously possible.
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February 21, 2022 Robert Geirhos

Do machines see like humans? They are getting closer

Machines may drive you to work one day, but they currently still fail when faced with unusual situations or noisy data. That’s because machines see the world very differently from humans - but this gap is starting to narrow.
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January 21, 2022 Linda Behringer, Maximilian Dax, Elke Müller

Machine Learning Decodes Tremors of the Universe

Researchers train a neural network to estimate – in just a few seconds – the precise characteristics of merging black holes based on their gravitational-wave emissions. The network determines the masses and spins of the black holes, where in the sky, at what angle, and how far away from Earth the merger took place.
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October 6, 2021 Philipp Berens, Dmitry Kobak

First comprehensive atlas of neuron types in the brain

With hundreds of scientists, we have explored the properties of different neuron types in mice, monkeys and humans using novel experimental techniques and machine learning methods for data analysis. The result is a unique overview of the motor cortex in the brain and its evolution.
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September 7, 2021 Artur Speiser

Machine Learning Improves
Super-resolution Microscopy

Single-molecule localization microscopy is a powerful method to image cellular structures with nanometer resolution. We developed DECODE, a deep learning based analysis algorithm that makes this technique faster and more precise.
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July 19, 2021 Michael Deistler, Jonathan Oesterle

Identifying Models in
Neuroscience with Machine Learning

Computer models are a great tool to analyze neuronal mechanisms in the brain, but tuning these models to match brain activity has long been a daunting task for scientists. We developed a new machine learning tool that automates this process and used it to develop a simulation environment for a retinal implant.
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